Jaw Pain or TMD, Chinook Rehab Centre Physiotherapy Calgary

What is TMJ?

TMJ refers to the jaw joint, known as the temporomandibular joint.

So, what is TMD?

TMD refers to disorders of the temporomandibular (jaw) joint, often referred to as temporomandibular dysfunction or disorders.

The jaw joint is found at the side of the face, just in front of the ear and can be felt whilst opening and closing the mouth. It is an anatomically complex joint and one of the few joints in the body that has a small disc between the bones. It is functionally related to the head and neck.

The condition is also referred to as TMJ (temporomandibular joint).

Common symptoms

Someone with TMD might experience one or more of the following:

  • discomfort in the jaw or face
  • clicking, grating, or other noises in the joint during actions such as chewing or yawning
  • unevenness or deviation in movements of the jaw
  • locking or sticking, or a feeling of the jaw being out of position – may be prolonged or brief
  • limited opening or stiffness
  • headaches and/or dizziness
  • earache or a feeling of ear blockage
  • worn teeth, unexplained toothache
  • bruxing (grinding of the teeth during sleep)
  • clenching or tension in the facial jaw or muscles
  • muscular neck and shoulder tension